Pure Rococo in style, this coach is characterised by the profusion of lines and elaborate ornaments. The various styles of decor are all neo-Classical and on a gold background.
The Rococo style drew its inspiration from the decor of the great private Parisian mansions of the early 18th century built under Louis XV. It takes its name from the repeated use of artificial rocks, shells, and grottos, which were a common feature of 18th century gardens. Largely ornamental, the Rococo style is based around themes drawn from fantasy, eroticism, and exoticism, appealing more to the senses than to the mind. The subject is often a pretext for the display of precious fabrics and decorated accessories aimed at evoking a sensual and artificial atmosphere.
Rococo encompasses all the decorative arts, and developed in France before spreading to the rest of Europe.
Repainted several years after it was built, for the founding of the Brazilian Empire in 1822, the decoration of the Berlin was entrusted to the artist Francisco Pedro de Amaral (1798-1831), principal painter to King John VI of Portugal, and then to Emperor Pedro I. He was identified as the painter thanks to the publication in Rio de Janeiro in 1829 of an allegorical description of the modifications carried out on the carriage. In the article the artist himself states that he was referring to the “Carriage of H.M. the Emperor”.