This statuette is a traditional representation of Venus. She is portrayed totally naked, with long hair falling over her shoulders - but she has a large, clearly visible diadem in her hair.
This object (which was not one of the goddess’s essential attributes) was no doubt intended to highlight her great beauty. But it also gives her an almost royal status, which indicates the Romans’ particular fondess for this goddess.
Venus holds one of her attributes - an apple - in her left hand. This fruit recalls the story of the Judgement of Paris, a mortal to whom the gods gave the task of choosing the most beautiful of three goddesses - Minerva, Juno and Venus. He chose the latter and gave her the apple as prize. The apple therefore recalls her victory over the others and her supreme beauty.